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The Prefabricated Access Suppliers’ and Manufacturers’ Association (PASMA) has urged construction firms to properly plan work at height after a worker was hospitalised for two weeks when the tower scaffold he was using collapsed.
Glasgow Sheriff Court heard that on 2 September 2016, an
employee of JR Scaffold Services Ltd, who was erecting a tower scaffold to
carry out roof repairs, fell eight metres after the cantilever section on which
he was standing collapsed.
It left him hospitalised for two weeks, with severe injuries
including a collapsed lung, ruptured spleen and multiple rib and shoulder
fractures. It was five months before he could return to work and he will be on
daily antibiotics for the rest of his life.
A Health and Safety Executive (HSE) investigation found the
company had correctly carried out a risk assessment and method statement before
starting work. However, the tower was erected in the wrong place. Rather than
dismantle and reassemble in the right place, it was decided that a cantilever
section should be added, despite this not being included in the design.
The HSE identified two major errors in what followed.
Firstly, there were insufficient anchor ties available on site, so the
cantilever was supported by splicing the frame of the scaffold. Secondly, no
ballast/counterweight was used, which meant the top section of the tower was
unable to support the weight of the cantilever.
When the employee stood on the cantilever section to fit toe
boards, the top section of the scaffold and cantilever section collapsed.
The company pleaded guilty to breaching Section 2 (1) of the
Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 and was fined £5,000, reduced from
£10,000 due to the current pandemic.
PASMA urged all those responsible for managing the use of mobile towers and prefabricated tower scaffolds, to take all necessary measures to protect employees’ safety.
Dangers of unplanned modifications
It said the case highlighted the consequences of making
unplanned modifications to scaffold towers, which compromises the stability of
the tower and increases the risk of incident.
It said that when assembling a standard configuration tower,
including mobile access and cantilever towers, the instruction manual should be
followed exactly. And it called for more complex aluminium structures to be
specially designed for a project, and built by a PASMA Hire & Assembly
The chair of PASMA’s Hire and Assembly Committee and owner
of STS Access Ltd, Pete Harley said: “It is distressing to hear of another fall
from height that could easily have been prevented. The incorrect positioning of
the tower set off a chain of errors resulting in a serious injury. Alterations
can be made to a designed structure only after consulting with the engineer and
the correct equipment must always be used. This incident clearly highlights the
need for planning by a competent person, as required by the Work at Height
Gillian Rutter, PASMA’s immediate past chairman and director
of Hire Access Ltd added: “Cantilever towers are a proven safe method of
working but only when they are correctly designed and built. There is a PASMA
Towers with Cantilevers training course that gives already experienced mobile
access tower users the additional skills required to build these more complex
tower scaffolds. However, even this training does not qualify a user to design
a cantilever tower. Without question, that is the role of a qualified designer
whose design plan must be followed on site without changes.”